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TCP/IP Routing Information Protocol (RIP, RIP-2 and RIPng)
The most popular of the TCP/IP interior
routing protocols is the Routing Information Protocol (RIP).
The simplicity of the name matches the simplicity of the protocolRIP
is one of the easiest to configure and least resource-demanding of all
the routing protocols. Its popularity is due both to this simplicity
and its long history. In fact, support for RIP has been built into operating
systems for as long as TCP/IP itself has existed.
In this section I describe the characteristics
and operation of the TCP/IP Routing Information Protocol (RIP). There
are three versions of RIP: RIP versions 1 and 2 for IP version 4 and
RIPng (next generation) for IP version 6. The basic operation
of the protocol is mostly the same for all three versions, but there
are also some notable differences between them, especially in terms
of the format of messages sent.
For this reason, I have divided my
description of RIP into two subsections. In the first, I describe the
fundamental attributes of RIP and its operation in general terms for
all three versions. In the second, I take a closer look at each version,
showing the message format used for each and discussing version-specific
features as well.
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The TCP/IP Guide (http://www.TCPIPGuide.com)
Version 3.0 - Version Date: September 20, 2005
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