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TCP/IP Electronic Mail System: Concepts and Protocols (RFC 822, MIME, SMTP, POP3, IMAP)
It is common for human beings to
create systems that are reminiscent of ones to which they are already
accustomed. We are all accustomed to using the regular mail system to
send letters and other documents from our location to recipients anywhere
that the postal system serves. Naturally, one of the first applications
of internetworks was to create an electronic version of this conventional
mail system that would allow messages to be sent in a similar manner,
but more quickly and easily. Over the course of many years, an electronic
mail system for TCP/IP was created and refined. It is now the most
widely used means of electronic messaging in the world.
In this section I describe TCP/IP
electronic mail in detail, in five sections that discuss electronic
mail concepts and the various components and protocols that comprise
the overall TCP/IP e-mail system. The first subsection provides an overview
of TCP/IP electronic mail and discusses the way that it is used and
the different protocols and methods that comprise the system. The second
discusses how e-mail messages are addressed, and the third covers standard
and special formats for e-mail messages. The fourth and fifth subsections
describe the TCP/IP protocols that implement electronic mail functionality.
This includes an examination of the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP),
which is responsible for the delivery of e-mail, and several protocols
and methods used for mailbox access and mail retrieval, including POP3
Note: This discussion focuses primarily on the mechanisms used for electronic mail composition, delivery and access in modern internetworks. In the e-mail overview topic I make mention of some techniques used in the past for TCP/IP electronic mail, but only briefly for historical completeness, and to contrast these methods to the ones presently used.
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The TCP/IP Guide (http://www.TCPIPGuide.com)
Version 3.0 - Version Date: September 20, 2005
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