Please Whitelist This Site?

I know everyone hates ads. But please understand that I am providing premium content for free that takes hundreds of hours of time to research and write. I don't want to go to a pay-only model like some sites, but when more and more people block ads, I end up working for free. And I have a family to support, just like you. :)

If you like The TCP/IP Guide, please consider the download version. It's priced very economically and you can read all of it in a convenient format without ads.

If you want to use this site for free, I'd be grateful if you could add the site to the whitelist for Adblock. To do so, just open the Adblock menu and select "Disable on tcpipguide.com". Or go to the Tools menu and select "Adblock Plus Preferences...". Then click "Add Filter..." at the bottom, and add this string: "@@||tcpipguide.com^$document". Then just click OK.

Thanks for your understanding!

Sincerely, Charles Kozierok
Author and Publisher, The TCP/IP Guide


NOTE: Using software to mass-download the site degrades the server and is prohibited.
If you want to read The TCP/IP Guide offline, please consider licensing it. Thank you.

The Book is Here... and Now On Sale!

Get The TCP/IP Guide for your own computer.
The TCP/IP Guide

Custom Search







Table Of Contents  The TCP/IP Guide
 9  TCP/IP Lower-Layer (Interface, Internet and Transport) Protocols (OSI Layers 2, 3 and 4)
      9  TCP/IP Network Interface Layer (OSI Data Link Layer) Protocols
           9  TCP/IP Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) and Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
                9  Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
                     9  PPP Feature Protocols

Previous Topic/Section
PPP Compression Control Protocol (CCP) and Compression Algorithms
Previous Page
Pages in Current Topic/Section
1
234
Next Page
PPP Multilink Protocol (MP/MLP/MLPPP)
Next Topic/Section

PPP Encryption Control Protocol (ECP) and Encryption Algorithms
(Page 1 of 4)

The PPP authentication protocols PAP and CHAP can be used to ensure that only authorized devices can establish a PPP connection. Once that is done, PPP normally provides no other security to the data being transmitted. In particular, all data is normally sent “in the clear” (unencrypted), making it easy for someone who intercepts it to read. For important data that must be kept secure, encryption prior to transmission is a good idea. This can be done at higher layers using something like IPSec, but PPP also provides an optional feature that allows data to be encrypted and decrypted at the data link layer itself.

Note: This topic is very similar in structure and content to the preceding one that covers PPP compression, because the features are implemented in a very similar way. For the benefit of those who may not be reading in sequence I have provided a standalone description in this topic, without assuming you have read the prior topic on compression. This means this topic may seem almost like “deja vu” if you just read the topic on CCP.


PPP data encryption is implemented using two protocol components:

  • PPP Encryption Control Protocol (ECP): This protocol is responsible for negotiating and managing the use of encryption on a PPP link.

  • PPP Encryption Algorithms: A family of encryption algorithms that perform the actual encryption and decryption of data. Several of these are defined in Internet standards (RFCs), and two devices can also negotiate a proprietary encryption method if they want to use one not defined by a public standard.

ECP is usually the only part mentioned when encryption in PPP is discussed. ECP is in fact used only to configure and control the use of encryption; it is the algorithms that do the real work. This technique allows each implementation to choose what type of encryption they wish to use. The original ECP defined only a single encryption method, and a couple of others have since been added.

Key Concept: PPP includes an optional encryption feature, which provides privacy for data transported over PPP. A number of encryption algorithms are supported. To enable encryption, both devices on a PPP link use the PPP Encryption Control Protocol (ECP) to negotiate which algorithm to use. The selected algorithm is then used to encrypt and decrypt PPP data frames.



Previous Topic/Section
PPP Compression Control Protocol (CCP) and Compression Algorithms
Previous Page
Pages in Current Topic/Section
1
234
Next Page
PPP Multilink Protocol (MP/MLP/MLPPP)
Next Topic/Section

If you find The TCP/IP Guide useful, please consider making a small Paypal donation to help the site, using one of the buttons below. You can also donate a custom amount using the far right button (not less than $1 please, or PayPal gets most/all of your money!) In lieu of a larger donation, you may wish to consider purchasing a download license of The TCP/IP Guide. Thanks for your support!
Donate $2
Donate $5
Donate $10
Donate $20
Donate $30
Donate: $



Home - Table Of Contents - Contact Us

The TCP/IP Guide (http://www.TCPIPGuide.com)
Version 3.0 - Version Date: September 20, 2005

Copyright 2001-2005 Charles M. Kozierok. All Rights Reserved.
Not responsible for any loss resulting from the use of this site.