DNS Private Name Registration
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We have now seen the hierarchical nature of the DNS name space, and the authority structure that administers it. Name registration begins with the generic and country code top-level domains (TLDs) within the root of the name hierarchy, proceeds to second-level domains within the TLDs, and then lower-level subdomains below those. As we progress down the name tree, we move from the most general, public authority (IANA/ICANN, which runs all of DNS), through the high-level TLD authorities, and eventually down to the level of individual organizations, corporations and individuals.
This dividing line between public authorities and private authorities occurs in many different places in the name structure. Wherever it does occur, below that line, responsibility for the domain becomes that of the organization that registered it. It can further subdivide the name space, granting parts of it to other organizations or even reselling it if they wish. Alternately, they may decide to use the name space to create a purely internal structure. I call this private name registration, in contrast to the public name registration we discussed earlier in this section.
For example, if a company called XYZ Industries registers xyzindustries.com, they become the owner of not just that domain name, but any subdomain structure or named items within it that they may choose to create. This is, of course, the beauty and power of authority delegation and the hierarchical structure. The company has an important decision that they must make however: they must choose whether they want to create names that are part of the global DNS name structure, or if they want to use names within the structure purely privately.
If a company wants names within its domain to be part of the global DNS name structure, it is required to perform the work necessary to properly set up and manage these names so they fit into the Domain Name System. The most common example, of course, is creating a public World Wide Web server. Most companies name such servers beginning with www, so XYZ Industries would probably wish to have the name www.xyzindustries.com for its WWW server address.
Obviously, they want and need anyone on the Internet to be able to locate this server. Thus, even though XYZ has private control of the xyzindustries.com domain, and thus owns the name www.xyzindustries.com, they must follow proper procedures for ensuring that DNS resource records are set up for their www subdomain so everyone on the Internet can find it. They may do this themselves, if they run their own DNS servers, or may have an ISP or other third party do it for them, as described in the previous topic.
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Version 3.0 - Version Date: September 20, 2005
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